"separation of church and state"
...not the intent of America's founding documents
...nor intended by the founders!
"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion,
or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom
of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble,
and to petition the Government for redress of grievances."
1. Words "separation of church and state" are not in the
2. The 90 founding fathers never mentioned even once
during the framing of the First Amendment (June 7 - September 25, 1789)
a "separation of church and state." (See Congressional Record.)
3. The same day Congress passed the First Amendment (Sept.
25, 1789); they approved a resolution requesting President George Washington
to proclaim "...a day of public thanksgiving and prayer...."
4. Thomas Jefferson wrote this phrase, "thus building a wall of
separation between church and State...." on January 1, 1802, (11 years
after the First Amendment was ratified) in a private letter to the
Danbury Baptist Association to assure them that the federal government
could not and would not try to establish a national denomination.
Jefferson was an ambassador in France during the time of the Constitutional
Convention. However, while President of the United States, Thomas
also made president of the Washington, DC public school system in which
he placed the Bible and the Isaac Watt's hymnal as the two primary reading
texts! Jefferson's phrase was used only twice by the U.S. Supreme
Court from 1802 to 1947; and it was not until 1947 (Everson case) that
it was taken out of context and given a meaning never intended (first use
was 1878 in Reynolds case).
"In matters of religion, I have considered that its free exercise
is placed by the Constitution independent
5. Applies to Congress, not the states.
of the powers of the General [federal] Government."
(Thomas Jefferson, 1805, in his second Inaugural Address.)
"There is not a shadow of right in the general [federal] government
to intermeddle with religion....This
subject is, for the honor of America, perfectly free and unshackled."
(The Writings of James Madison, Vol. 5, pp. 176, 132.)
6. First English language Bible printed in America was by Congress
in 1782 "for use of schools."
7. The founding fathers gave speeches, read from the Bible, and
prayed at public school graduations.
8. The U.S. Capitol was used as a church building by the founding
9. Founding father judges had prayer in their court rooms with
(requirements for statehood).
SECTION 13, ARTICLE III
"Religion, morality, and knowledge being necessary to good government and
the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall
forever be encouraged."
10. A view from the Washington Monument forms a perfect cross.
(Passed from July 17 - August 7, 1789; during the midst of the framing
of the First Amendment, which was June 7 - September 25, 1789. Please
note that the founding fathers used the word religion to
"Religion is the only solid basis of good morals; therefore education
should teach the precepts of religion, and the duties of man towards
The Constitution of the United States
"We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more
perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide
for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure
the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."
Morris, 1792, Notes on the Form of a Constitution for France.)
Founding father who physically wrote the Constitution, and most active
member of Constitutional Convention, spoke 173 times on the floor.
"Why...should not the Bible regain the place it once held as a school
book? Its morals are pure, its examples captivating and noble.
The reverence for the sacred book that is thus early impressed last
long; and, probably, if not impressed in infancy, never takes hold of the
(Fisher Ames, The Works of Fisher Ames, 1809.) Founding
father who on September 20, 1789 helped provide the wording for the First
"Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity,
religion and morality are indispensable supports. In vain would
that man claim the tribute of Patriotism, who should labor to subvert
these great pillars.... The mere politician, equally with the pious
man, ought to respect and cherish them.... Let it simply
be asked, Where is the security for property, for reputation,
for life, if the sense of religious obligation desert?' ...And let
us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained
without religion. Whatever may be conceded to the influence
of refined education on minds...reason and experience both forbid
us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious
(George Washington, 1796, Farewell Address.)
"I have lived, Sir, a long time, and the longer I live, the more
convincing proofs I see of this truth-that God governs in the affairs
of men. And if a sparrow cannot fall to the ground without
His notice, it is probable that an empire can rise without His aid?
We have been assured in the Sacred Writings, that except the Lord
build the House, they labour in vain that build it.' I firmly
believe this; and I also believe that without His concurring aid we shall
succeed in this political building no better than the Builders of Babel:"
Article I, Section 7
"If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays
excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall
be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by
their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law."
(Benjamin Franklin at the Constitutional Convention, June 28,
"How comes it that Sunday, the Christian Sabbath, is recognized
by all the departments of Government? In the law, Sunday is
a dies non;' it cannot be used for the service of legal process,
the return of writs, or other judicial purposes. The executive departments,
the public establishments, are all closed on Sundays; ...neither
House of Congress sits."
Article IV, Section 4
"The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican
form of government,..."
(U.S. Senate, January 19, 1853, on Congressional Chaplains.)
"...I lament that we waste so much time and money in punishing crimes
and take so little pains to prevent them. We...neglect...the
only means of establishing and perpetuating our republican forms of government...
"The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of
the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers,
both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound
by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious
Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public
Trust under the United States."
the universal education of our youth in the principles of Christianity
by means of the Bible...."
(Dr. Benjamin Rush, signer of the Declaration of Independence, A
Defence of the Use of the Bible in Schools, 1830.)
"...it is the sincere desire of the writer that our citizens should
early understand that the genuine source of correct republican principles
is the Bible, particularly the New Testament or the Christian religion."
(Noah Webster, History of the United States, 1832, public
"...the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended
to secure the rights and privileges of a free people."
(Noah Webster, American Dictionary of the English Language,
"No person who denies the being of God or a future state of rewards
and punishments shall hold any office in the civil department of
"DONE in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the
Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand
seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independence of the United States
of America the Twelfth."
(Constitution of the State of Mississippi, 1817. Other
states had similar requirements.)
(Dated recognizing the birth of Jesus Christ: Anno Domini/Christmas!)
"The religion which has introduced civil liberty is the religion
of Christ and His Apostles....This is genuine Christianity and to
this we owe our free constitutions of government."
Declaration of Independence
"...Laws of Nature and of Natures's God entitle them..."
(Noah Webster, History of the United States, 1832, public
"The laws of nature are the laws of God, Whose authority can be
superseded by no power on earth."
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal,
that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable
Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."
(George Mason, before the General Court of Virginia, 1772.)
"Can the liberties of a nation be thought secure when we have removed
their only firm basis, a conviction in the minds of the people that
these liberties are the gift of God?"
"We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in
General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world
for the rectitude of our intentions..."
(Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781.)
"We have this day restored the Sovereign to Whom all men ought to
be obedient, He reigns in heaven and from the rising to the setting
of the sun, let His kingdom come."
"And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection
of divine Providence..."
(Samuel Adams, at the signing of the Declaration of Independence,
August 2, 1776.)
"The general principles on which the fathers achieved independence
were....the general principles of Christianity."
(John Adams, Letter to Thomas Jefferson, June 28, 1813.)
"It is impossible to build sound constitutional doctrine on a
mistaken understanding of Constitutional history.... The establishment
clause [of the First Amendment] has been expressly freighted
with Jefferson's misleading metaphor for nearly forty years.... There
is simply no historical foundation for the proposition that the Framers
intended to build a wall of separation [between church and state]....
The recent court decisions are in no way based on either the language or
the intent of the Framers."
(Associate Supreme Court Justice William Rehnquist, Wallace
v. Jafree, 1985.)
The majority of the information contained in "Today's...separation
of church and state...!" was learned about and derived from resources by
David Barton of WallBuilders (817-441-6044), Stephen McDowell of the Providence
4535), John Whitehead of The Rutherford Institute (804-978-3888), William
Federer of AmeriSearch (314-621-6446), and Rus Walton and John Eidsmoe
of the Plymouth Rock Foundation (1-800-210-1620):
The Truth About Thomas Jefferson and the First Amendment
(pamphlet), The Changing First Amendment (audio), America,
God Shed His Grace on Thee (tract): WallBuilders.
"America's Christian Heritage Week" Ministry, P.O. Box 382 White Sulphur Springs, WV 24986 ph:304-536-9029
Visit our website at:
Providential Perspective (Teaching Journal): Providence
The United States Constitution and Bill of Rights (booklet),
The Real Story Behind The Separation of Church and State (audio):
The Rutherford Institute.
America's God & Country (Encyclopedia of Quotations):
Institute on the Constitution (audio and video):
Plymouth Rock Foundation.